Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 02 (2024)

Related Papers

Menahem Schmelzer, “Jewish Scholarship in the United States: Selections from the Literature, 1973–1975,” American Jewish Year Book, vol. 77 (1977): 182-228

Menahem Schmelzer ז״ל

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AJS Review

"The PLO's Defense of the Talmud," AJS Review 42:2 (2018)

2018 •

Jonathan Gribetz

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Confronting Antisemitism through the Ages: A Historical Perspective

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History of the Jewish People

Yigal S. Nizri

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"As it is Written": Judaic Treasures from the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library

2015 •

Barry Dov Walfish

"The publication is an exhibition catalogue highlighting some of the Fisher Rare Book Library's Judaica holdings which span over 1000 years. It will touch on items that were produced every century from the 10th to the 21st, including biblical manuscripts, works of Jewish law and liturgy, incunabula, rare Constantinople imprints, and much more. Highlights are the manuscript of the Zohar, which belonged to the famous false Messiah Shabbetai Tsevi, and a copy of Maimonides law code Mishneh Torah with Sabbatean markings. Another highlight is a facsimile of the Alba Bible, one of the most elaborate illuminated biblical manuscripts ever produced. The exhibition will also feature contemporary works by Jewish and Israeli artists and bookmakers. A section devoted to Canadiana features one the earliest Canadian imprints, dating from 1752 as well as the first English translation of the Hebrew prayerbook (1770), among whose sponsors were the Canadian merchant Aaron Hart and his wife."--

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Bibliography of Zev Garbe

Zev G

Updated Bibliography, July 2023.

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The Xth Congress of the European Association for Jewish Studies (Paris, July 2014): 'Roman Policy in the Aftermath of the Great Jewish Revolt: A Reconsideration in Light of New Evidence.'

Gil Gambash

"Available evidence has thus far suggested that the actions of Vespasian and Titus with regard to the first Jewish revolt proceeded uninterrupted from conducting the campaign for the conquest of Judea to commemorating it appropriately, in grand manner. Such a run of events does not contradict any of the theories which have been suggested for the Flavian conduct after the conclusion of the war, be it imagined to have been guided by private dynastic requirements (Goodman 2007); by the needs of a state torn until recently by civil war (Yakobson forthcoming); or, finally, by routine protocol in the aftermath of great campaigns of conquest (Gambash 2013). A newly discovered Flavian aureus, however, carrying the unique legend Iudaea recepta on its reverse, has been interpreted recently as undermining this assumed flow of events, presenting us with a brief moment of different Flavian policy, when a line of commemoration completely opposed to the one eventually adopted was considered and even initiated (Gambash, Gitler, and Cotton 2013). The coin presents Judea as a former province which had temporarily been lost to the empire and was now reintegrated into the provincial system. This would have been in line with Rome’s normal practice, which, in the aftermath of provincial unrest, sought to return as quickly as possible to the antequam situation (Gambash 2012). The suggested paper aims to reevaluate the circ*mstances in late 70 in light of the new coin and the policy it denotes, examining such aspects as the official status of Judea; the rank of its governor and the nature of its administration; the garrisoning of the province; and retributive measures taken against the Jews in the province and elsewhere. "

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Bibliography of Zev Garbe1.docx

Zev G

Bibliography of printed books, articles, reviews in academic journals. Also, presentations at scholarly meetings.

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New Hebraica Fragments from the Genizat Tirolensia: Hebrew and Aramaic bookbinding-manuscripts in medieval Codices of Tyrol-Austria (Xth EAJS Congress 2014, Paris)

Dr. Ursula Schattner-Rieser

In contrast to the East of Austria, its western part and especially the Genizat Tirolensia ist still widely unexplored. Until recently the Tyrolean libraries had never been checked systematically on Hebrew and Aramaic fragments of medieval Hebrew books and documents recovered from book bindings and notarial files and the 18 fragments of the University library are chance finds. However a systematically recording is promising: in less than a year eight new fragments have been found and identified. The establishment of Jews in North- and South Tyrol is documented since the 13th century. Among the new finds are unique Talmud fragments, a Haftarah exemplary, Halakhah commentaries from Ashkenazic, Sephardic and Italian provenance shedding new light on the spiritual life of the Jews of medieval Tyrol. Further findings are to be expected and it is obvious that the history of the Jews of this border region has to be rewritten and completed. In this paper we want to present the new findings and the material for a new cross-border project within the European network "Books within books: Hebrew Fragments in European Libraries".

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THE EIGHTEENTH WORLD CONGRESS OF JEWISH STUDIES: The ASCEPI Project: Digitization of the Historical Archive of the Jewish Community of Pisa

2022 •

Francesca Valentina Diana

Community Records and Digitization in Dialogue: The Historical Archive of the Jewish Community of Pisa and the ASCEPI Project

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Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 02 (2024)


What Bible do Jews read? ›

The Jewish scriptures are called the Tanakh, after the first letters of its three parts in the Jewish tradition. T: Torah, the Teaching of Moses, the first five books.

What do Jews do when a baby is born? ›

Birth rituals

After the birth of a child, the mother must undertake a ritual cleaning and attend the mikveh close mikvehJewish ritual bath for immersion to restore ritual purity.. A scripture from the book of Leviticus. requires the mother to be “purified”. Rituals begin for Jews from birth, with Brit Milah.

What is the sacred book of the Jews? ›

At the basis of all Jewish sacred texts is the Torah. In its most basic sense, the Torah is the Pentateuch - the five books of Moses, which tell the story of the Creation of the world, God's covenant with Abraham and his descendants, the Exodus from Egypt, the revelation at Mt.

Is the Torah the same as the Bible? ›

The meaning of “Torah” is often restricted to signify the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), also called the Law (or the Pentateuch, in Christianity). These are the books traditionally ascribed to Moses, the recipient of the original revelation from God on Mount Sinai.

What language do Jews read the Bible in? ›

The texts were mainly written in Biblical Hebrew (sometimes called Classical Hebrew), with some portions (notably in Daniel and Ezra) in Biblical Aramaic.

Are Jews circumcised at birth? ›

The religion decrees the penalty of spiritual excision, or kareit, for a person who is uncircumcised regardless of how observant they have been otherwise of the laws of Judaism. The Jewish circumcision is routinely performed on the eighth day of the child's life and can only be performed during daylight hours.

What do Jews do with the placenta? ›

The Jewish Pregnancy Book says that, according to the Talmud, the placenta should be preserved in a bowl with oil, straw, or sand and buried in the earth a few days after the baby's birth to symbolize the cycle of life.

What do Jews do during pregnancy? ›

While a lot of Ashkenazi Jews believe in the evil eye, in Sephardic households, according to Michele Klein, it used to be customary to celebrate a first pregnancy with a ceremony called kortadura de fashadura (in Judeo-Spanish) or tekti' a el-g'daouere (in Judeo-Arabic), meaning “the cutting of the swaddling clothes,” ...

Do Jews believe in Jesus? ›

For Jews, the significance of Jesus must be in his life rather than his death, a life of faith in God. For Jews, not Jesus but God alone is Lord. Yet an increasing number of Jews are proud that Jesus was born, lived and died a Jew.

Who is the creator of Judaism? ›

Judaism originated with the biblical patriarch Abraham (approx 1800 BCE). Abraham established a covenant with God that was confirmed with the reception of the Torah (the Law including the Ten Commandments) from God through Moses to the Jewish people at Mount Sinai approximately 3,320 years ago.

What is the Jews symbol? ›

The Star of David

It is recognised as the symbol of Jewish Community and is named after King David of ancient Israel. Jews started to use the symbol in the Middle Ages.

Is the Holy Book of Jews the holy Bible? ›

Holy Books in Judaism. The Hebrew Scriptures, referred to by Christians as the Old Testament, are called the TANAKH, which is the Hebrew acronym for the three different parts: The Torah which is the first five books of the Old Testament or the Pentateuch; The Nevi'im which are the books of the prophets; and.

How do Jews view Jesus? ›

For Jews, the significance of Jesus must be in his life rather than his death, a life of faith in God. For Jews, not Jesus but God alone is Lord. Yet an increasing number of Jews are proud that Jesus was born, lived and died a Jew.

Do Jews believe in the Old Testament? ›

Torah. The Jewish sacred text is called the Tanakh or the “Hebrew Bible.” It includes the same books as the Old Testament in the Christian Bible, but they're placed in a slightly different order. The Torah—the first five books of the Tanakh—outlines laws for Jews to follow.


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